Tel Aviv, aptly called the global vegan (tivoni) capital of the world, is the hub of a culinary, social and consciousness movement that is sweeping Israel. Within the White City’s concrete jungle of bauhaus buildings, abutting glass and steel skyscrapers, is a city teeming with “vegan friendly” signs proudly affixed to businesses, from restaurants to markets to stores. The culinary and social atmosphere is decidedly one that gravitates towards conscious plant-based eating. The breadth of this fascinating Israeli social movement was evident at the city’s two day vegan fest that attracted a shocking 40,000 people (and yes, overwhelmingly Israelis). More people turned out for it than Eurovision the previous week. From labane to burgers, the throngs of Tel Avivians of all stripes lined up to eat from local restaurants, taste new Israeli vegan food brands and celebrate in an atmosphere that was decidedly positive, welcoming of everyone.
Though we are in the midst of counting the Omer each night, from Passover to Shavuot, I am sharing a recipe and number that has zero relevance to the Omer. It is the number 206, the name of a Tel Aviv restaurant–really an institution–that has sat on a suburban thoroughfare with a car park in front, for decades. It is my spot for the best no-frills Israeli food. The decor is plain and likewise there are zero airs to the food. There’s some magic happening in the kitchen and their unfussy food outshines much of the high end Israeli food now dotting the globe. Before the worldwide roasted cauliflower craze, 206 was serving heaps of it, smothered in tahini sauce on little white saucer plates. Continue reading
I recently interviewed Adit Romano, co-founder of Freedom Farm the first farm animal sanctuary in Israel. The sanctuary’s educational mission is rooted in a place of non-judgment, love and compassion. Its approach is engaging people across the nation’s political, social, economic and religious boundaries.
Adit Romano is the co-founder of Freedom Farm Sanctuary, the first animal sanctuary in Israel. A vegetarian for 17 years, her unexpected journey to becoming a vegan and starting FFS began after watching a lecture by American activist Gary Yourofsky. The organization has secured land, acquired several animals that were intended for slaughter and attracted 2,000 volunteers and more than 400,000 social media followers. FFS educational mission is rooted in a place of non-judgment, love and compassion. Its approach is engaging people across the nation’s political, social, economic and religious boundaries. (This interview has been condensed and edited and was originally published on the Jewish Food Experience.)
What is the state for farm animals in Israel?
Adit Romano: Despite being a small country, there are still hundreds of thousands of animals slaughtered annually here. They are raised on industrial farms—not on pretty green pastures. Animals face cruel and inhumane conditions, such as cramped spaces, cruel removal of body parts and killing “unusable” animals. There are 250,000,000 dairy cows in the world and 120,000 in Israel. They’re treated like machines, expected to simply produce vast amounts of milk, unable to move, care for calves or enjoy life without producing milk.
Israelis eat an average of 238 eggs per person per year. Female chicks are raised on egg farms, where, due to decades of genetic manipulation and selective breeding, they produce 250 to 300 eggs per year. In nature, wild hens lay only 10 to 15 eggs annually. Israel slaughters about 200,000 pigs, and another 70,000 are killed before the date of slaughter due to various diseases, most of them piglets.
Tell me about how you developed the idea for Freedom Farm.
AR: After I became vegan, I was very restless and eager to make an impact. I spent 20 years as an entrepreneur and felt I needed to start something that would generate significant change. While searching online, I found the US-based Woodstock Farm Sanctuary. In one of the photos I saw a group of teenagers next to the animals and then I realized, that change can only come from education. Meital [Ben Ari, my co-founder] and I embarked on a journey to establish the farm as an educational center for all Israelis.
What is the status of Freedom Farm now?
AR: There were a lot of bureaucratic difficulties in starting up a project like this in Israel, and we’ve worked for two years to reach this point. In the state of Israel, over 90 percent of the land is owned by the government, and areas that are considered agricultural are highly inspected and not all activities are allowed on them. Establishing an animal sanctuary was unprecedented because all other farms were simply to raise animals for food. We did finally acquire land and have also adopted several animals that were destined for slaughter.
Meital went for a month to learn and study animal care at a US farm sanctuary. We are part of an international sanctuary farm forum and we consult and learn from each other’s experience there. We are focused on getting more animals, building infrastructure now at the sanctuary and fundraising.
What are your long-term goals for the farm?
AR: We believe that knowledge is power. We hope to be able to impact future generations to be kinder, more moral, seeking justice, with their hearts open to giving and to empathy with the pain of the other. We encounter animals in supermarkets, wrapped in Styrofoam and shrink-wrap, far from their original form and identity, and have no way of looking in their eyes and sympathizing with their pain.
Anyone entering the Sanctuary will not leave the same, nor will they remain indifferent about changing old and unnecessary habits, to replace them with renewed values. We want to flex the muscle of compassion, one existing in all of us—for us and for them. This proximity will give us all a new, exciting and intriguing viewpoint on animals as sophisticated social structures, their basic needs and even their desires and pain, their characters and forgotten feelings and that each is a unique and special being.
Why do you think veganism and animal welfare issues have become so popular in Israel? AR: As of 2014, in Israel five percent of the population is vegan and eight percent is vegetarian. A wave of veganism started in the 2010s with the lecture of the American activist Gary Yourofsky, which spread through Israeli websites and social media. There were also a number of documentaries and hidden-camera footage, which made public and revealed the abuse on animals, in dairies, slaughterhouses and factories in Israel. The increasing vegan population led to the opening of several 100-percent-vegan restaurants.
In 2014 an animal activist, Tal Gilboa, won the sixth season of the reality show Big Brother. During the show Tal represented the vegan stand and significantly affected the people who watched the show. Many relate her winning to the increasing admiration for the vegan lifestyle, and Tal pledged a significant amount of her prize to Freedom Farm Sanctuary.
In 2014 due to the increase of the vegan lifestyle in Israel, the Israel Defense Forces made a few accommodations for vegan soldiers, such as easing the process as being recognized as a vegan soldier, providing money to buy vegan food and giving vegan clothes (non-leather shoes and vegan caps).
What have been the most inspiring moments in your journey so far, and what have been the hardest?
AR: The journey to opening the Freedom Farm Sanctuary has been full of emotions, from happiness to disappointment, from sadness to hope. For me, one of the most exciting and inspiring moments has been meeting the volunteers of the farm. I like to say that the Freedom Farm Sanctuary is like a huge magnet that pulls all the kindest people, without the volunteers none of this would have happened.
One powerful moment was the day we were called to get Eden, a dairy farm calf. It was a mix of emotions: on the one hand, it was pure joy to save a calf’s life and get her out from hellish life on a factory farm. On the other hand, we saw so many, big wide-eyed cows looking at us, none of whom we could take with us. It was hard to turn our backs and leave these miserable animals there, knowing what will happen to them.
This week’s Torah portion, Ki Tavo, begins with the responsibility of the Israelites to bring an offering of first fruits (bikkurim) after they’ve entered the land of Israel. “He brought us to this place, and He gave us this land, a land flowing with milk and honey. And now, behold, I have brought the first of the fruit of the ground which you, O Lord, have given to me.” (26:9-10)
Fruit offerings were later replaced with prayers but the purpose and intention are the same. As my teacher, Diane Bloomfield of “Torah from Jerusalem” explains, each day is the potential for both the physical world and humans to renew through prayer and actions. Despite the darkness that shrouds much of the world, we are commanded by God, as caretakers of the world, to illuminate dark places through mitzvot (actions). Such behaviors enable us to connect more deeply to God and renew ourselves and the world.
The title of this week’s parsha, Chayei Sarah (the life of Sarah), is a bit misleading at it is book-ended by the deaths of Sarah and Avraham. But, it is also filled with a celebration of life. Avraham dies in old age, but only after ensuring his progeny through the marriage of his son, Isaac, to Rebecca. It is a story of the spiraling cycles of our lives and the continuation of our legacies through the generations of our families.
We continue our lives even when are family and friends pass. And, upon death, we each return to the soil that initially gave us life. The simplest matter that we become upon death–dirt and dust–also brings us forth to the beauty, complexities and interconnectedness of life on Earth. Deep in the ground is the source of our nourishment and life for all: water, and soil.
In the parsha we learn that at Avraham’s request, his servant journeyed to find a wife for Isaac, bringing ten camels with him. The camels were brought to a well where the women of the town collected water each evening. As Rabbi Shai Held notes, Rebecca offered the camels water without the servants prompting. “She is so kind that she does more than she is asked, and beyond her concern for people, she cares also for the needs of animals.” Continue reading
Lech Lecha tells the story of the birth of the Jewish people through Avraham’s prophecy. God tells Avram, “I will bless you and make you a great nation.” As Diane Bloomfield taught this week about Lech Lecha, “God is bringing in a radical new creation with different qualities of what it means to be a human being and the potential becoming of a Jewish nation that brings blessings into the world.”
In the parsha, Avraham is sent on a challenging journey to unknown land, despite God’s promise to protect him and Sarah. It is fraught with dangers, famine, and personal challenges. As Yael Shy wrote, the unknowingness of journeys can create unease and fear in oneself, as is true for Avraham. But, as she continued, “God is telling Abraham to stop trying to predict or figure out or gain control of what that which he is not in control.”
His journey is not about where he has been or his previous actions but where he is going and the potential for the future. He’s a baal teshvua: someone who lives in the process of what he can become, not what he did, according to Diane Bloomfield.